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#include <assert.h>
#include "background-image.h"
#include "cairo_util.h"
#include "log.h"
#if HAVE_GDK_PIXBUF
#include <gdk-pixbuf/gdk-pixbuf.h>
#endif

enum background_mode parse_background_mode(const char *mode) {
	if (strcmp(mode, "stretch") == 0) {
		return BACKGROUND_MODE_STRETCH;
	} else if (strcmp(mode, "fill") == 0) {
		return BACKGROUND_MODE_FILL;
	} else if (strcmp(mode, "fit") == 0) {
		return BACKGROUND_MODE_FIT;
	} else if (strcmp(mode, "center") == 0) {
		return BACKGROUND_MODE_CENTER;
	} else if (strcmp(mode, "tile") == 0) {
		return BACKGROUND_MODE_TILE;
	} else if (strcmp(mode, "solid_color") == 0) {
		return BACKGROUND_MODE_SOLID_COLOR;
	}
	sway_log(SWAY_ERROR, "Unsupported background mode: %s", mode);
	return BACKGROUND_MODE_INVALID;
}

#if HAVE_GDK_PIXBUF
static cairo_surface_t* gdk_cairo_image_surface_create_from_pixbuf(
		const GdkPixbuf *gdkbuf) {
	int chan = gdk_pixbuf_get_n_channels(gdkbuf);
	if (chan < 3) {
		return NULL;
	}

	const guint8* gdkpix = gdk_pixbuf_read_pixels(gdkbuf);
	if (!gdkpix) {
		return NULL;
	}
	gint w = gdk_pixbuf_get_width(gdkbuf);
	gint h = gdk_pixbuf_get_height(gdkbuf);
	int stride = gdk_pixbuf_get_rowstride(gdkbuf);

	cairo_format_t fmt = (chan == 3) ? CAIRO_FORMAT_RGB24 : CAIRO_FORMAT_ARGB32;
	cairo_surface_t * cs = cairo_image_surface_create (fmt, w, h);
	cairo_surface_flush (cs);
	if ( !cs || cairo_surface_status(cs) != CAIRO_STATUS_SUCCESS) {
		return NULL;
	}

	int cstride = cairo_image_surface_get_stride(cs);
	unsigned char * cpix = cairo_image_surface_get_data(cs);

	if (chan == 3) {
		int i;
		for (i = h; i; --i) {
			const guint8 *gp = gdkpix;
			unsigned char *cp = cpix;
			const guint8* end = gp + 3*w;
			while (gp < end) {
#if G_BYTE_ORDER == G_LITTLE_ENDIAN
				cp[0] = gp[2];
				cp[1] = gp[1];
				cp[2] = gp[0];
#else
				cp[1] = gp[0];
				cp[2] = gp[1];
				cp[3] = gp[2];
#endif
				gp += 3;
				cp += 4;
			}
			gdkpix += stride;
			cpix += cstride;
		}
	} else {
		/* premul-color = alpha/255 * color/255 * 255 = (alpha*color)/255
		 * (z/255) = z/256 * 256/255     = z/256 (1 + 1/255)
		 *         = z/256 + (z/256)/255 = (z + z/255)/256
		 *         # recurse once
		 *         = (z + (z + z/255)/256)/256
		 *         = (z + z/256 + z/256/255) / 256
		 *         # only use 16bit uint operations, loose some precision,
		 *         # result is floored.
		 *       ->  (z + z>>8)>>8
		 *         # add 0x80/255 = 0.5 to convert floor to round
		 *       =>  (z+0x80 + (z+0x80)>>8 ) >> 8
		 * ------
		 * tested as equal to lround(z/255.0) for uint z in [0..0xfe02]
		 */
#define PREMUL_ALPHA(x,a,b,z) \
		G_STMT_START { z = a * b + 0x80; x = (z + (z >> 8)) >> 8; } \
		G_STMT_END
		int i;
		for (i = h; i; --i) {
			const guint8 *gp = gdkpix;
			unsigned char *cp = cpix;
			const guint8* end = gp + 4*w;
			guint z1, z2, z3;
			while (gp < end) {
#if G_BYTE_ORDER == G_LITTLE_ENDIAN
				PREMUL_ALPHA(cp[0], gp[2], gp[3], z1);
				PREMUL_ALPHA(cp[1], gp[1], gp[3], z2);
				PREMUL_ALPHA(cp[2], gp[0], gp[3], z3);
				cp[3] = gp[3];
#else
				PREMUL_ALPHA(cp[1], gp[0], gp[3], z1);
				PREMUL_ALPHA(cp[2], gp[1], gp[3], z2);
				PREMUL_ALPHA(cp[3], gp[2], gp[3], z3);
				cp[0] = gp[3];
#endif
				gp += 4;
				cp += 4;
			}
			gdkpix += stride;
			cpix += cstride;
		}
#undef PREMUL_ALPHA
	}
	cairo_surface_mark_dirty(cs);
	return cs;
}
#endif // HAVE_GDK_PIXBUF

cairo_surface_t *load_background_image(const char *path) {
	cairo_surface_t *image;
#if HAVE_GDK_PIXBUF
	GError *err = NULL;
	GdkPixbuf *pixbuf = gdk_pixbuf_new_from_file(path, &err);
	if (!pixbuf) {
		sway_log(SWAY_ERROR, "Failed to load background image (%s).",
				err->message);
		return NULL;
	}
	image = gdk_cairo_image_surface_create_from_pixbuf(pixbuf);
	g_object_unref(pixbuf);
#else
	image = cairo_image_surface_create_from_png(path);
#endif // HAVE_GDK_PIXBUF
	if (!image) {
		sway_log(SWAY_ERROR, "Failed to read background image.");
		return NULL;
	}
	if (cairo_surface_status(image) != CAIRO_STATUS_SUCCESS) {
		sway_log(SWAY_ERROR, "Failed to read background image: %s."
#if !HAVE_GDK_PIXBUF
				"\nSway was compiled without gdk_pixbuf support, so only"
				"\nPNG images can be loaded. This is the likely cause."
#endif // !HAVE_GDK_PIXBUF
				, cairo_status_to_string(cairo_surface_status(image)));
		return NULL;
	}
	return image;
}

void render_background_image(cairo_t *cairo, cairo_surface_t *image,
		enum background_mode mode, int buffer_width, int buffer_height) {
	double width = cairo_image_surface_get_width(image);
	double height = cairo_image_surface_get_height(image);

	cairo_save(cairo);
	switch (mode) {
	case BACKGROUND_MODE_STRETCH:
		cairo_scale(cairo,
				(double)buffer_width / width,
				(double)buffer_height / height);
		cairo_set_source_surface(cairo, image, 0, 0);
		break;
	case BACKGROUND_MODE_FILL: {
		double window_ratio = (double)buffer_width / buffer_height;
		double bg_ratio = width / height;

		if (window_ratio > bg_ratio) {
			double scale = (double)buffer_width / width;
			cairo_scale(cairo, scale, scale);
			cairo_set_source_surface(cairo, image,
					0, (double)buffer_height / 2 / scale - height / 2);
		} else {
			double scale = (double)buffer_height / height;
			cairo_scale(cairo, scale, scale);
			cairo_set_source_surface(cairo, image,
					(double)buffer_width / 2 / scale - width / 2, 0);
		}
		break;
	}
	case BACKGROUND_MODE_FIT: {
		double window_ratio = (double)buffer_width / buffer_height;
		double bg_ratio = width / height;

		if (window_ratio > bg_ratio) {
			double scale = (double)buffer_height / height;
			cairo_scale(cairo, scale, scale);
			cairo_set_source_surface(cairo, image,
					(double)buffer_width / 2 / scale - width / 2, 0);
		} else {
			double scale = (double)buffer_width / width;
			cairo_scale(cairo, scale, scale);
			cairo_set_source_surface(cairo, image,
					0, (double)buffer_height / 2 / scale - height / 2);
		}
		break;
	}
	case BACKGROUND_MODE_CENTER:
		cairo_set_source_surface(cairo, image,
				(double)buffer_width / 2 - width / 2,
				(double)buffer_height / 2 - height / 2);
		break;
	case BACKGROUND_MODE_TILE: {
		cairo_pattern_t *pattern = cairo_pattern_create_for_surface(image);
		cairo_pattern_set_extend(pattern, CAIRO_EXTEND_REPEAT);
		cairo_set_source(cairo, pattern);
		break;
	}
	case BACKGROUND_MODE_SOLID_COLOR:
	case BACKGROUND_MODE_INVALID:
		assert(0);
		break;
	}
	cairo_paint(cairo);
	cairo_restore(cairo);
}